Psychologist have a theory call Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, which displays in a shape of a pyramid of five stages to determine what motivate human behavior. As you can see from the pyramid, the bottom being the foundation namely physiological needs, showing the first needs for human being to be satisfied. Psychologist analyse that this is the most important need for human being. The next step up is psychological side of needs and then the third social physiological, finally the peak at the top self actualization. From the bottom to begin with, human want to satisfy the physiological necessary needs which are food and shelter. Then safety and after that you want to have friends, have a social life, have a belonging and association. So those are the social needs. And then you have the spiritual needs. After you have achieved the physiological needs and the social needs, only then you begin to think about religion according to Maslow.
But when Ibrahaim(as) made the following dua:
Our Lord, I have settled some of my descendants in an uncultivated valley near Your sacred House, our Lord, that they may establish prayer. So make hearts among the people incline toward them and provide for them from the fruits that they might be grateful. — Quran, (14:37)
The dua he made is completely opposite to the psychologist’s view, according to Ibrahim(as) the pyramid is inverted. The first thing that he asked for is not starting from the bottom, food and drink or shelter. Instead the first thing he asked for was “Oh Allah so that they may establish prayer” . He started from the top, so the first need that he asked for is spiritual needs — Salat “establishing the prayers” he didn’t asked for food or shelter even though it would make sense that he would ask for, or at least we would assume that Ibrahim(عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) would because he left his family Hajar(عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) and Ismael(as) in a valley were there’s no cultivation. And then he said “and then make or put their love in hearts of people and make people love them”. So he’s asking Allah(سبحانه وتعالى) to draw people to his family and to make them love his family. This mean he was asking for social needs and then afterward he said “ then provide them with fruits”. What Ibrahim(عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ) started by asking in his supplication is Salat — the spiritual needs (self actualization), then social needs followed by physiological needs. But even when he asked Allah(سبحانه وتعالى) to provide them with some fruits he also connected it to Ibaadah (worship) and said “so that they may be grateful”. It goes to show he was asking Allah(swt) to provide them with worldly things but he still link it to Allah(swt) and perform Ibadaah by saying that so they be grateful. The dua from the beginning to the end, he thought of Allah (سبحانه وتعالى) and that is TRUE self-actualization when Allah(swt) become everything for you. When you’re eating, when you’re drinking, when you’re sleeping, you’re doing everything for Allah that is the true tranquility and that is the self-actualization that goes against Maslow’s theory. It is highest level of iman (faith) that one one achieve except Anmbiya (prophets) of Allah and the Auwliya (friends) of Allah (Azza-wajal).